Services & Procedures

Specialties
  • Anesthesiology
  • Cardiology
  • Dermatology & Allergy
  • ENT/ Otorhinolaryngology
  • Eye/ Ophthalmology
  • General Medicine
  • General Surgery
  • Neurology
  • Obstetric & Gynaecology
  • Paediatric
  • Psychiatry
  • Radiology & Imaging

Anesthesiology

YOUR ANAESTHESIOLOGIST

He is a specialist who is specially trained to provide the following services:-

PRE-OPERATIVE ASSECSSMENT

When patient has to undergo an operation, the anaesthesiologist visits the patient to reassure him and discuss the type of anaesthesia to be used. He also identifies any other concurrent medical conditions, which may affect the anaesthetic and takes steps to stabilize these conditions. He may also order a sedative the night before surgery to allow the patient a restful sleep.

ANAESTHESIA FOR SURGICAL PROCEDURES

Most patient scheduled for an operation are fearful of pain and wrought with anxiety. The anaesthesiologist's role is to ensure that a patient has no pain throughout the procedure. He may do so by the following techniques:-

-General Anaesthesia

The patient is asleep and is unaware of the operation until its over when the anaesthesiologist will wake him up.

-Regional Anaesthesia

The patient is awake but feels no pain because the operative site, e.g. Hand or legs is made pain free. If the patient is anxious, the anaesthesiologist may make the patient calm or sleepy by the administration of appropriate drugs.

-Local Anaesthesia

The patient is also awake. This procedure is performed by inject of local anaesthetic medication to numb only a small area of nerves at the site where the surgeon plans to operate such as for cataract surgery.

POST-OPERATIVE MANAGEMENT

After the operation, the patient may feel pain for a day or two. The anaesthesiologist can help to relief the pain by several measures. One modern method is the use of a computer-aided device, which delivers a pain killer every time the patient presses a button. The patient is therefore in full control of his own pain relief.

OBSTERIC PAIN RELIEF

It is now possible to deliver a baby without labour pain. The anaesthesiologist can perform an epidural to give Pain relief throughout the entire labour and until the baby is delivered.

EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AND RESUSCITATION

A seriously ill patient can suddenly stop breathing or develop a cardiac arrest. The anaesthesiologist is part of the team who will resuscitate such a patient and restore him to life. This setting can happen in the Accident & Emergency Department when a patient is just admitted and occasionally in others parts of the hospital.

MANAGEMENT OF CRITICALLY ILL PATIENTS IN THE INTENSIVE CARE UNIT (ICU)

Very ill patients need cardio-respiratory support in the intensive care ward. Such as patients have an unstable blood circulation and unable to breath well. the also have poor nutrition and need very close monitoring. Here, the anaesthesiologist acts as an intensivist and breathes for the patients with the help of a life support machine (ventilator) until the patient's condition improves.

Helpful Information for Patients

Why must I fast before an operation?

When an operation is scheduled under a general anaesthetic, the anaesthesiologist requires the patient to be fasted for at least 4 hours. An empty stomach is important during the induction of an anaesthetic to prevent any food debris from entering the patient's lungs when he is unconscious. Aspiration of stomach contents into the lungs can be fatal. This is why it is important that a patient should NOT eat before an operation.

Am I at greater risk because of my age?

All anaesthetic techniques have some risks associated with them. More important than your age are such factors as your medical condition and your type of surgery. Various safety measures and precautions are taken in the delivery of your anaesthesia care to help prevent unwanted events, just as you take certain safety precautions when driving a car or crossing the street. As a result, anaesthesia today is safer than ever before for all age groups and for ambulatory outpatients as well as hospitalised patients. It is important for you to realise that you will be dependent on others for a period of time, but your independence will return.

During my surgery what does my anaethesiologist do?

The anaesthesiologist is personally responsible for your comfort and well being during the perioperative period. In the operating room, the anaesthesiologist will administer anaesthetic drugs. They will manage vital functions, including breathing heart rate and rhythm blood pressure, and body temperature. Your anaesthesiologist is also responsible for fluid and blood replacement, when necessary. He or she will regulate the anaesthesia so that you will be comfortable until your anaesthetic care is completed. Frequently, people requiring surgery may have other medical conditions, such as diabetes, asthma, high blood pressure, arthritis or heart problems. Your continued medical management during surgery is necessary to help you have a speedy recovery. As physicians, anaesthesiologist are uniquely qualified to treat not only sudden medical problems related to surgery itself, but also your chronic condition that may need special attention during your procedure.

After surgery, what can I expect?

You may be transported to a post-anaesthesia care unit or intensive care unit (ICU) at the completion of surgery. Your anaesthesiologist, in consultation with other members of your health care team, continues to monitor your condition and vital signs during this period as the effects of the anaesthesia are wearing off.

Dermatology

The Consultant Dermatologist is a doctor specializing in the management and treatment of skin disorders such as eczema, acne, psoriasis, dermatitis and skin infections.
Most common clinical areas / procedures leading to a claim of clinical negligence
  • The management of patients who have long term skin conditions such as psoriasis.
  • The long–term use of steroid creams on the skin.
  • The side effects of treatments for skin problems.

Sub–Specialities / Alternative and Additional job titles
The Consultant Dermatologist may also be known as a Skin Specialist
Taken from http://www.medicalcasenotes.co.uk

Ophthalmology

The Consultant Ophthalmologist is an eye specialist. He/She deals with diseases, injuries and operations involving the eyes.
Injuries to the eyes include foreign bodies in the eyes, perforating injuries to the eyes as well as corneal abrasions and traumatic retinal detachment.
Diseases of the eyes include glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy and macular degeneration.
Operations on the eyes include squint and cataract surgery as well as laser eye treatments.
Most common clinical areas / procedures leading to a claim of clinical negligence
  • laser eye treatment for the correction of long– or short–sightedness
  • the management of metallic foreign bodies in the eyes
  • trauma to the eyes and its management
  • delay in the diagnosis and treatment of glaucoma

Sub–Specialities / Alternative and Additional job titles
The Consultant Ophthalmologist may be known a Consultant Ophthalmic Surgeon or simply as an Eye Surgeon or an Eye Specialist.
Taken from http://www.medicalcasenotes.co.uk

Gastroenterology

General description of the work Consultant Gastroenterologists undertake

The Consultant Gastroenterologist is a doctor specialising in diseases and disorders of the gastro-intestinal tract (the gut or bowel). He/She deals with illnesses such as Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, coeliac disease, oesophageal varices, malabsorbtion syndromes, gastric and duodenal ulcers as well as cancers of the gastro-intestinal tract (stomach and bowel cancer). The Consultant Gastroenterologist also deals with diseases of the liver such as hepatitis and liver failure.

Sub-Specialities / Alternative and Additional job titles

The Consultant Gastroenterologist may be known as a Consultant Physician with a special interest in Gastroenterology. He/She may be known as a GIT Consultant or a Bowel Specialist.

Usual Qualifications

The Consultant Gastroenterologist will usually have MRCP or FRCP (Membership or Fellowship of one of the Royal Colleges of Physicians).

Academic Appointments

The Consultant Gastroenterologist may be a Lecturer or Professor in Medicine or in Gastroenterology at a Medical School. He/She may be an Examiner for one of the Royal Colleges of Physicians.
Taken from http://www.medicalcasenotes.co.uk

Internal Medicine

Internal medicine is the branch and specialty of medicine concerning the diagnosis and nonsurgical treatment of diseases in adults, especially of internal organs. Doctors of internal medicine, also called "internists", are required to have included in their medical schooling and postgraduate training at least three years dedicated to learning how to prevent, diagnose, and treat diseases that affect adults. Internists are sometimes referred to as the "doctor's doctor," because they are often called upon to act as consultants to other physicians to help solve puzzling diagnostic problems. While the name "internal medicine" may lead one to believe that internists only treat "internal" problems, this is not the case. Doctors of internal medicine treat the whole person, not just internal organs.
Taken from http://en.wikipedia.org

Neurology

General description of the work of a Consultant Neurologist

The Consultant Neurologist is a doctor specialising in diseases and illnesses of the nervous system and brain. He/She will deal with epilepsy, multiple scleroses, headache, brain injury, neck and back injury, stroke, nerve damage, neuro-degenerative disorders and Parkinson's disease.

Sub-Specialities / Alternative and Additional job titles

The Consultant Neurologist may also be known as a Consultant Clinical Neurologist.

Usual Qualifications

The Consultant Neurologist will have MRCP or FRCP (Membership or Fellowship of one of the Royal Colleges of Physicians) after his name.

Academic Appointments

The Consultant Neurologist may be a Lecturer or Professor in Medicine or in Neurology. He/She may be an Examiner for one of the Royal Colleges of Physicians.
Taken from http://www.medicalcasenotes.co.uk

Paedetrics

The Consultant Paediatrician deals with illnesses and diseases in children. These may be acute illnesses such as meningitis or asthmatic attacks or may be more chronic illnesses such as childhood diabetes or epilepsy.

Consultant Paediatricians may have an area of special interest or sub–specialisation such as;

  • Neonatology – dealing with diseases and illnesses in the first few weeks and months of life
  • Neurology – dealing with conditions such as cerebral palsy, epilepsy, brain injury, hypoxia
  • Endocrinology – dealing with hormone problems in children including diabetes, thyroid problems and growth problems.
  • Development – dealing with learning disability and physical disability and handicap


Most common clinical areas / procedures leading to a claim of clinical negligence

  • Failure or delay in the diagnoses and treatment of meningitis
  • The management of a child with birth injuries
  • Diagnosis and treatment of childhood epilepsy
  • The investigation and diagnosis of child abuse including child sex abuse
  • The management of acute asthma
  • The management of acute abdominal pain

Taken from http://www.medicalcasenotes.co.uk

Psychiatry

Consultant Psychiatrists deal with mental illness and mental ill–health. The illnesses that they deal with include depression, schizophrenia, substance abuse (alcohol, drugs), post–traumatic stress, obsessive–compulsive behaviour and manic depression.

Consultant Psychiatrists often have particular areas on interest such as:

  • Old Age Psychiatry – dealing with dementia, cognitive dysfunction and Alzheimer's Disease
  • Learning Disability – dealing with mental health problems associated with learning disabilities
  • Forensic Psychiatry – dealing with mental health issues related to crime, prison and court procedures
  • Child Psychiatry – dealing with mental health problems in children
  • Substance Abuse – dealing with addiction problems including drugs and alcohol


  Most common clinical areas / procedures leading to a claim of clinical negligence

  • monitoring of patients in the community
  • discharge and monitoring of patients who later commit suicide
  • problems related to side effects of psychiatric medication

Taken from http://www.medicalcasenotes.co.uk

Thoractic Surgery


A thoracic surgeon is a medical doctor who performs operations on the heart, lungs, esophagus, and other organs in the chest. This also includes surgeons who can be called cardiothoracic surgeons, cardiovascular surgeons, general thoracic surgeons, and congenital heart surgeons.
Taken from http://www.sts.org/patient-information/what-thoracic-surgeon

Cardiology

Cardiology is that branch of medicine which deals with the diagnosis and treatment of heart diseases. Cardiologists investigate patients with suspected heart disease by taking a very careful, extensive history of the patient's condition, and performing a complete physical examination.
Taken from http://www.rjmatthewsmd.com

Ear, Nose & Throat (ENT)

General description of the work Consultant ENT Surgeons undertake

The Consultant ENT Surgeon is a surgeon who specialises in operations and disorders of the ear, nose and throat. This includes operations such as tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy, grommet insertion for glue ear, nasal and sinus operations, throat and lanynx operations and operations on the neck. The Consultant ENT Surgeon deals with deafness and hearing aid management. He/She is involved with inner ear problems such as tinnitus and balance problems. He/She may also deal with throat and neck cancer.

Sub-Specialities / Alternative and Additional job titles

The ENT Surgeon may be known an Ear, Nose and Throat Surgeon or an Ear, Nose and Throat Specialist or as an ENT Specialist. He/She may be known as an Otolaryngologist or as a Head and Neck Surgeon.

Usual Qualifications

The Consultant ENT Surgeon will usually be known as Mr rather than Dr and will have FRCS (Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons) after his/her name.

Academic Appointments

The Consultant ENT Surgeon may be a Lecturer or Professor in ENT or Otolaryngology at a Medical School. He/She may be an Examiner for one of the Royal College of Surgeons.
Taken from http://www.medicalcasenotes.co.uk

General Surgery

General description of the work Consultant General Surgeons undertake

The Consultant General Surgeon is a surgeon who deals with a wide range of surgical conditions. He/She is likely to have an area of special interest such as abdominal surgery or colo-rectal surgery or hepato-biliary surgery, as well as operating on patients with general surgical problems.

Sub-Specialities / Alternative and Additional job titles

The Consultant General Surgeon may be known as a General Surgeon with a special interest in a variety of sub-specialties such as Abdominal Surgery or Neck Surgery or Colo-Rectal Surgery. He/She may be known simply as a Consultant Surgeon.

Usual Qualifications

The Consultant General Surgeon will usually be known as Mr rather than Dr and will have FRCS (Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons) after his/her name.
Taken from http://www.medicalcasenotes.co.uk

Neuro Surgery

The Neurosurgery Unit has always been committed to provide competent services in the following fields:-

24 HOUR EMERGENCY NEUROSURGERY SERVICE

  • Head Trauma (Emergency surgery for intracranial hematoma; Intensive Care with ICP Monitor & Cerebral Protection)
  • Post-traumatic skull defects, CSF fistula (cranioplasty)
  • Spinal Traum (cervical spine injury)
  • Stroke (primary intracerebral hemorrhage; subarachnoid hemorrhage; cerebral infart; intracranial aneurysm; arterio-venous malformation)
  • Brain Tumour (microneurosurgery~ultrasonic aspirator)
  • Pituitary Tumour (transphenoidal microsurgery)
  • Spinal Tumour (microneurosurgery~ultrasonic aspirator)
  • Hydrocephalus (ventriculo-peritoneal shunt)
  • Lumbar Spine (microdiscetomy)
  • Cervical Spine (anterior discectomy/decompression~fusion ~plating for cervical spondylosis)
  • Stereotactic Surgery (CRW Frame)
  • Neurosurgery Clinic (referral and follow-up cases)


Obstetrics & Gynaecology

General description of the work of a Consultant Obstetrician & Gynaecologist

The Consultant Obstetrician & Gynaecologist deals with pregnancy, labour and delivery as well as ectopic pregnancy, Caesarian sections, forceps and vacuum delivery, miscarriages, terminations (abortions), sterilisations and infertility. He/She also deals with cervical cancer, tumours of the ovaries, endometriosis, hysterectomies, vaginal surgery and failed contraception.

Sub-Specialities / Alternative and Additional job titles

The Consultant Obstetrician & Gynaecologist may be known as a Consultant in Obstetrics and Gynaecology. He/She may be known simply as an Obstetrician if most of his/her work is in dealing with pregnancy, or as a Gynaecologist if most of his/her work is non-pregnancy related gynaecology. If most of his/her work is in the field of infertility then he/she may be known as a Fertility Specialist.

Usual Qualifications

The Consultant Obstetrician & Gynaecologist will have MRCOG or FRCOG (Membership or Fellowship of the Royal College of Obstetrician and Gynaecologists) after his/her name.

Academic Appointments

The Consultant Obstetrician & Gynaecologist may be a Lecturer or Professor in Obstetrics and Gynaecology at a Medical School. He/She may be an Examiner for the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists.
Taken from http://www.medicalcasenotes.co.uk

Orthopaedic & Sports Injury

General description of the work Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeons undertake

The Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon deals with operations and procedures involving the bones and joints. He/She deals with fractures and trauma to the bones as well as reconstructive surgery of the bones and joints. He/She deals with neck and back injuries involving soft tissue as well as ligament injuries and joint reconstruction.
Common fractures dealt with by the Orthopaedic Surgeon include fractured clavicle, rib, scaphoid, humerus, radius, ulna, femur and tibia as well as fractures involving the small bones of the hands and feet.
Reconstructive surgery involves hip and knee replacement operations as well as surgery on the ligaments of the knee, ankle, shoulder and hand. The Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon is often involved in the management of patients after a road traffic accident with soft tissue injuries of the neck, back and chest.

Most common clinical areas / procedures leading to a claim of clinical negligence

  • failure to diagnose a fracture
  • poor outcome following a fracture
  • infection following a bone operation or procedure
  • the management of shoulder injuries
  • missed slipped femoral epiphysis
  • poor outcome following a hip replacement
  • disparity in leg length following a hip replacement
  • poor outcome following a knee operation


Sub–Specialities / Alternative and Additional job titles

Some Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeons deal mainly with trauma patients and their NHS post may be as a Consultant in Accident and Emergency. Some Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeons have a special interest in hand, knee, hip, shoulder or ankle surgery. Some have a special interest in operations on children (Paediatric Orthopaedic Surgery).

Usual Qualifications

The Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon will be known as Mr rather than Dr and will have FRCS (Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons) after his name. He may also have FRCS(Orth) (Specialist Fellowship in Orthopaedics) after his name.

Academic Appointments

The Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon may be a Lecturer or Professor of Orthopaedics at a Medical School. He/She may be an Examiner for one of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons.
Taken from http://www.medicalcasenotes.co.uk

Urology

General description of the work Consultant Urologists undertake

The Consultant Urologist is a specialist surgeon who operates on the kidneys, bladder, prostate, ureter, urethra, penis and testes. He/She deals with prostate and bladder cancer as well as cancer of the testicle. In female patients he/she deals with urinary incontinence and urodynamic problems.

Sub-Specialities / Alternative and Additional job titles

There is some overlap between Consultant Urologists and Consultant Gynaecologists in the management of female urological problems. Some Urologists may specialise in childhood urology and may be known as Consultant Paediatric Urologists.

Usual Qualifications

The Consultant Urologist will be known as Mr rather than Dr and will have FRCS (Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons) after his name.

Academic Appointments

The Consultant Urologist may be a Lecturer or Professor in Urology. He/She may be an Examiner for one of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons.
Taken from http://www.medicalcasenotes.co.uk

Radiology

General description of the work Consultant Radiologists undertake

Consultant Radiologists deal with X–rays, CT (computed tomography) scans and MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scans. They examine, interpret and report on these investigations. Consultant Radiologists are also involved in investigations such as barium meals and barium enemas as well as isotope scans and mammography. Some Consultant Radiologists are involved in more interventional radiology procedures such as discography and bone biopsy.

Most common clinical areas / procedures leading to a claim of clinical negligence

  • Misdiagnosis of mammography results
  • Misdiagnosis of X–rays, CT scans or MRI scans
  • Adverse events following interventional radiology procedures


Sub–Specialities / Alternative and Additional job titles

The Consultant Radiologist may specialise in a particular area of radiology such as the brain or spine and be known as a Consultant Neuroradiologist. A Consultant Radiologist with a special interest in radiology in children may be known as a Consultant Paediatric Radiologist.

Usual Qualifications

The Consultant Radiologists will have FRCR (Fellow of the Royal Colleges of Radiologists) after their names.

Academic Appointments

The Consultant Radiologist may be a Lecturer or Professor in Radiology at a Medical School. He/She may be an Examiner for the Royal College of Radiologists.
Taken from http://www.medicalcasenotes.co.uk


The O& G Services at KPJ Sentosa KL Specialist Hospital comprises maternity, gynaecology, ante natal, post natal and also home nursing services.

O& Gand Labour Suites

We at KPJ Sentosa KL Specialist Hospital aim to provide you the best facilities during your stay. Our O & G ward consists of single, double and four-bedded rooms and labour suites consist of five labour suites with one treatment room and one observation room. All the rooms are well equipped to ensure your greatest comfort and peace of mind.

Technology

KPJ Sentosa KL Specialist Hospital is now offering elective 2D, 3D and 4D ultrasound services. Our 3D and 4D ultrasounds technology provide a positive bonding experience for the mother, father and family members with the unborn baby that will allow you to take a peek at your baby's first movements inside the womb.

Home Nursing Services

KPJ Sentosa KL Specialist Hospital provides home nursing services for mothers to support her and family members in the comfort and privacy of their home which consists of care for the mother and babies: -

Care of Mother:
- Episiotomy Wound Care
- Breastfeeding
- Diet and post natal exercise
- Caesarean Wound Care
- Vital Signs

Care of Baby:
- Bathing of the baby
- Assessment for Jaundice
- Care of the umbilical cord
- Promotion of successful breastfeeding

For enquiries, please call 03-4043 7166.

Antenatal and Post Natal Programme

KPJ Sentosa KL Specialist Hospital's antenatal and post natal programme are conducted by qualified midwives, physiotherapist and dietitian. The programme consists of: -

Nursing Programe
- Preparation for delivery
- Types of delivery/ care of wound
- Psychological & physical preparation/ pain relief therapy
- Lactation and breastfeeding techniques
- Tour to O&G ward including Labour room

Health Diet During & After Pregnancy
- Guide on balanced diet
- Weight gain during pregnancy
- Tips to manage complication during pregnancy
- Breastfeeding diet

Physiotherapy Programme
- Stretching, reconditioning and strengthening exercise session
- Posture correction and education
- Techniques of relaxation including breathing exercise

For enquiries, please call 03-4043 3133

Epidural services are available at KPJ Sentosa KL Specialist Hospital